About Baharampur

Baharampur is a city in the West Bengal state of India. Baharampur is the sixth largest city in West Bengal (after Kolkata, Howrah, Asansol, Siliguri and Malda) and situated in central part of West Bengal. Baharampur (Berhampore) is nominated for becoming the municipal corporation.Baharampur is the administrative headquarters of the Murshidabad district. It is located about 200 km (124 mi) from Kolkata the state capital and is situated on the eastern side of the Bhagirathi River, a major distributary of the Ganges.In the 2011 census, Baharampur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 305,609.

In 1704, Murshid Quli Khan, the Diwan of Bengal under Aurangzeb transferred the capital from Dacca (now Dhaka in Bangladesh), and renamed the city Murshidabad. In 1716, he attained the title of Nawab (ruler) of the Subah (province) of Bengal, and Murshidabad became his capital. It continued to be the capital under a succession of Nawabs, and also under the British until 1790. It was constituted as a municipality in 1869, which remains to the present day.

Initially, most of the residents of this city were government employees and there were few agricultural as well as silk traders. Gradually, the importance of the city increased due to its geographic location and now it is also a business hub. Due to its historical importance, this city also earns a good number of tourists, thus making tourism another happening industry there.

Transport

Rail - Berhampore Court Station (BPC), cossimbazar Station (CSZ) and Murshidabad Station (MBB) stands on the Sealdah-Lalgola line of the eastern railway. Bhagirathi express, Hazarduari Express,Lalgola Fast Passenger, Lalgola Passenger are the trains that run daily. Berhampore Court Express (Dhanadhanye Express) is also an express train that takes the Sealdah-Lalgola route. Khagraghat (KGLE) is another station that is connected to Howrah through Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa Loop Line. Intercity express and passenger trains, express takes this route. If one wish to come to Berhampore from north of West Bengal it is best to take the Khagraghat station as destination.


Road - as Baharampur is the administrative headquarters of the Murshidabad district and as it stands just in the center position of West Bengal, it acts as the link between North Bengal and South Bengal. This city is well connected by National Highway 34. There are bus services on regular basis from South Bengal to North Bengal and Vicecersa and there is a Bus Terminus called 'Mohona'. All buses that start from Kolkata to North Bengal halt at Berhampore. Buses from from most of the major cities and towns like Kolkata, New Jalpaiguri, Siliguri, Suri, Durgapur, Asansol, Dhubri, Bhutan, Malda for Berhampore is easily available.


Water - as Berhampore is city just beside the river Bhagirathi, one can also avail water transport. Launchboat from Kolkata to Berhampore and Hazarduari is available. Berhampore north to Berhampore south is connected via launchboats. Regular boat transport is also available from Berhampore to other towns of Murshidabad such as Azimganj and Jiaganj.

Important places to visit

Hazarduari Palace :The Hazarduari Palace, or the palace with a thousand doors is the chief tourist attraction of Murshidabad. This three-storey palace was built in 1837 by Duncan McLeod for the Nawab Najim Humaun Jah, descendent of Mir Zafar. It has thousand doors (among which only 900 are real) and 114 rooms and 8 galleries, built in European architectural style. The total area of Hazarduari Palace is 41 acres. It is now a museum and has an exquisite collection of armoury, splendid paintings, exhaustive portraits of the Nawabs, various works of art including beautiful works of ivory (Murshidabad school) of China (European) and many other valuables. The Armoury has 2700 arms in its collections of which only few are displayed. Swords used by Shiraj-ud-Daulla and his grandfather, Nawab Alivardi Khan, can be seen here. The other attractions in this floor are Vintage Cars and Fittan Cars used by the Nawabs and their families.

The library containing rare collections is not accessible to the public unless special permission is obtained. The building, rectangular on plan ( 424 feet Long and 200 feet broad and 80 feet high). The Palace was used for holding the "Durbar" or meetings and other official work of the Nawabs and also as the residence of the high ranking British Officials.

Nizamat Imambara : The old Madina Mosque was left in its place where it stood in the old Imambara and a new one was constructed in the newly constructed Imambara. The old Madina Mosque can still be seen standing between the Imambara and the Hazarduari Palace near the Bacchawali Tope and the Clock Tower and is fondly known with its old name, Madina; this is the reason why many confuse this mosque with the new Madina inside the Imambara.
The new Imambara was built by in 1847 AD by Nawab Nazim Mansoor Ali Khan Feradun Jah under the supervision and direction of Sadeq Ali Khan just opposite the Hazarduari Palace at a cost of more than INR 6 lacs.[4] The main entrance just parallel to the north face of the Hazarduari Palace faces south. The masons took only 11 months to finish the construction as in addition to their wages they also received food which allowed them to work day and night. The present Imambara is 680 feet long, however the breadths vary. The central block that has the Madina is 300 feet long. It had been built slightly some feet away from the site of the old building in north. The Imambara stands just opposite to the Hazarduari Palace and is situated just on the banks of the Bhagirathi River. The gap between the shores of the river and the west wall of the Imambara may be a few feet.

Katra Masjid : The Katra Masjid (also known as Katra Mosque) is a mosque and the tomb of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan built between 1723 and 1724. It is located in the north eastern side of the city of Murshidabad, in the Indian state of West Bengal. Its importance lies not only as a great centre of Islamic learning but also for the tomb of Murshid Quli Khan, who is buried under the entrance staircase. The most striking feature is the two large corner towers having loopholes for musketry.

Motijhil :Motijhil (also Motijheel, translation: Pearl Lake) is a horse-shoe shaped lake in Murshidabad, West Bengal, India. It was created by Nawazish Muhammad Khan, the son-in-law of Nawab Alivardi Khan. He constructed a precious palatial palace beside this lake which is called the Sang-i- dalan ("stone palace") which is also knownas the Motijhil Palace. It is located at the bend of this lake. It was used as the residence of Nawazish and Ghaseti Begum Nawazish's beloved wife. With this money he built a similar lake with a beautiful palace, Hirajheel, on the opposite side of the Bhagirathi River. The palace has a lofty gateway, a mosque known as the "Shahamat Jang" and the Kala Masjid and some other buildings which were all built by Nawazish. This palace was built in 1740. This palace was then decorated with different varieties of flower plants and precious marbles. Inside the palace is a huge room having no doors or windows in it and closed on all the four sides. Some say that huge quantity of wealth belonging to the Begum had been kept hidden underneath the room. Once labours were employed to break open the masonary and excavate the treasure, but they ended up vomiting blood, so nobody dares to open it. The room is 65 feet long, 23 feet broad, 12 feet high plinth area, 1339 square feet.

Nashipur Rajbari : The Katra Masjid (also known as Katra Mosque) is a mosque and the tomb of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan built between 1723 and 1724. It is located in the north eastern side of the city of Murshidabad, in the Indian state of West Bengal. Its importance lies not only as a great centre of Islamic learning but also for the tomb of Murshid Quli Khan, who is buried under the entrance staircase. The most striking feature is the two large corner towers having loopholes for musketry.

Jagat Seth's House: was a rich businessman from Murshidabad during the rule of Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula. He came from a rich Jain Marwari business family in Murshidabad.His spiritual guru was Jain Acharya Sri BhratruChandra Suri. Jagat Seths were among the most powerful bankers of India during the first half of 18th century. Roben Orme (official historian of East India Company) described Jagat Seth as the greatest shroff (money changer) and banker in the known world.

Kathgola : Kathgola, (also known as Katgola) Gardens, in Bengali Kathgola Bagan, is a debutter (private religious trust ) Estate dedicated to the Jaina tirthankara Adinatha. It is located about half a km South-East of Mahimapur (modern Nashipur), a town in West Bengal, India just north of Murshidabad, the capital of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa during the reign of the Nawabs of Murshidabad. If you start from Murshidabad's Chawk Bazar, proceed north to the Nashipur Rajbari, then turn East to arrive at the Garden (Bagan) complex.

Namak Haram Deorhi :Namak Haram Deorhi (also known as the Traitor's Gate, Jafarganj Deorhi or Jufarganj Palace) was the palace of Mir Jafar.It is located just opposite to the Jafarganj Cemetery in the Lalbagh area of the town of Murshidabad and near Mahimapur in the Indian state of West Bengal. Namak Haram Deorhi refers to both the place of Mir Jafar and the main gate which leads to the palace. This building was used as the residence of Mir Jafar,before he ascended the musnad of Bengal or when he was the Commander-in-Chief of the subha.

Fauti Masjid :Fauti Masjid (also Phuti Masjid) is a mosque in the city of Kumarpur, India which was built by Nawab Sarfaraz Khan in 1740 AD. It is said to have been built by Nawab Sarfaraz Khan in a single night, however it is said that the Nawab hired the masons for several months where the mater role was called one day. The old Fauti Masjid is one of the largest mosques in the town of Kumarpur and Murshidabad. It is about 3 quarters of a mile away from the grand and famous Hazarduari Palace. This grand mosque is 135 feet long and 38 feet broad. It has five domes and four spiral staircases at its four corners surmounted by cupolas. Hiwever, the domes are still incomplete.